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The Mediterranea Gallery

The Mediterranea Gallery

The visit continues in a gallery where a series of pools follow one another, reproducing the rocky coast of the Ligurian-Tyrrhenian coast.
 
An environment full of life and light and the extreme environmental conditions due to wave motion.

In this gallery, the public can closely observe the strategies adopted by animals to blend in with the environment in which they live, anchor themselves to the rocks hit by the waves and survive periods of emergence due to the tides.


In this section, specifically, there is the "Orchestra del mare" thanks, the basin dedicated to the posidonia and a tank dedicated to poor fish. 



 

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The orchestra of the sea

Like a joge,  this tank is home to some specimens belonging to the species that usually live in the dark depths of our sea, where the light becomes dim and the water pressure is several kg / cm2.

In this extreme environment for humans, live the trumpet fish and the drumfish.



The fish drum (Capro Saper)  is the only species that belongs to the family of the Caproids. It lives on muddy bottoms up to 600 meters deep. The orange color is probably due to the diet which is mostly made up of small depth shrimps.

The trumpet fish (Macroraphosus scolapax) takes its name from the particular shape of the mouth that stretches like a trumpet for about 1/3 of its body.

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Poor is good

The sustainability of marine resources depends on consumer choices: some fish stocks are collapsing now because they are over-exploited.

The term "poor fish" refers to those species not considered by the market, but of great nutritional value and sustainable for the environment.
 
The salpa for example (Sarpa salpa) - which swims in this tank - is an animal with herbivorous habits that lives in large shoals on rocky bottoms and in areas with a rich growth of algae. It is precisely considered by the market as a "poor fish", actually in recent years rediscovered for its good nutritional value and environmental sustainability.

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The Posidonia

In the Mediterranean gallery visitors will find a tank that reproduces a small posidonia  (Posidonia oceanica), a marine plant typical of the Mediterranean Sea with an essential ecological role for the protection and stabilization of the coasts from the activity of sea erosion.



Its long sheets slow down the wave motion; its branched roots instead consolidate the seabed. It also acts as a nursery, hosting different species for reproduction and offers shelter from predators to many species in the juvenile state.

Guests of these basins are species such as, the Damselfish  and the Swallowtail seaperch, tomatoes and sea urchins. In a large pool dedicated to ana animals, visitors can admire the brown grouper that swims along with specimens of Mediterranean moray.


This gallery there is also a bath dedicated to invertebrates, the coralligenic environment of the Mediterranean Sea. These are gorgines belonging to the genus Paramuricea and Eunicella. These specimens, often confused with plants, are real animals belonging to the group of coelenterates (jellyfish and corals).  They live on the walls, in colonies made up of single units (polyps), and are usual eating plankton transported by the currents. In the tub with them the wonderful longspine Snipefish (Macroramphosus scolopax) and the Boar fish (Capros aper), species of depth from the unusual form.

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